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Poly-Cystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is a syndrome that causes hormonal imbalance in the female during the reproductive age. The phenomenon is common in most women which leads to irregularity in the menstrual cycle and the presence of excess male hormones, called androgens. You will find 1 out of 10 women suffering from PCOS in their childbearing age. Most teens and young females are affected due to the condition. There are mainly five reproductive hormones that control the reproductive system of women. An imbalance within these hormones leads to the disorder called Poly-Cystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) or Poly-Cystic Ovary Disease (PCOD).

CAUSES

Until recent times, there is no exact clear picture regarding the causes of PCOS, but still a number of abnormalities have been documented in women with PCOS. There is little evidence of genetic causes for PCOS. It is also associated with inadequate use of insulin in the body or resistance to insulin. Women with PCOS have observed an increase in Type 2 diabetes and also several heart diseases due to being overweight and lack of physical activities which have resulted in coronary artery diseases.

However, the major contributing factors to PCOS are –

1

Excess androgen: Overproduction of androgen by ovaries causes may lead to abnormal growth of hair all over the body and acne.

2

Excess production of Insulin: Insulin hormone controls the blood sugar levels in the human body. When human cells become resistant to the action of insulin, the blood sugar level increases. As a result, the body produces an excess of insulin to control this increased blood sugar level. An excessive insulin production in turn increases the production of androgens which are the male hormones, otherwise very less in females. Increased androgen production causes difficulty with ovulation.

3

Heredity: Certain genetic correlation may exist with PCOS in women.

4

Presence of low-grade inflammation: Women with PCOS experience a low-grade inflammation that may stimulate polycystic ovaries to produce androgens.

SYMPTOMS

Some teens and young female starts experiencing PCOD during their first period, whereas the symptoms are more visible in obese females.

SKIN – acne or oily skin.
WEIGHT – obesity, overweight or weight gain.
MENSTRUAL – Irregular menstrual cycle, Polycystic ovaries, heavy menstruation, absence of menstruation or spotting.
OTHER – thinning of hair, dark patches of skin, depression, loss of scalp, hair loss.

TREATMENTS

If the above symptoms are visible on your body, you should consult a gynecologist. Your gynecologist may be able to diagnose PCOS on the basis of past medical reports, physical examination and few medical tests. It can be treated by the medication for regulation of menstrual cycles, promoting ovulation and reduction of excessive hair growth. There are several home remedies that can be practiced to lower down or control the symptoms such as physical exercises, weight loss and electrolysis and proper nutrition.

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